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I argue that improved access to ICT’s has the potential to lessen the digital divide but also the potential to introduce new forms of digital divides. I have made the argument, and this goes across all domains, that we can identify three levels of digital divides: Access divides, design-actuality gaps “ICT’s are developed elsewhere and for other contexts”, and digital innovation gaps.

While the rapid diffusion of ICT’s is Lessing the access divides, recent developments in technologies and in particular digital platforms are enabling local innovation (what I coin digital innovation) that potentially can reduce design-actuality gaps. At the same time, without the skills and capacity to innovate, there is a risk that innovation will happen in the core and not the fringes of ecosystems. Hence, the educational sector in the global sector may not be able to use the full potential of the diffusion and the possibilities for innovation that comes with digital technologies.